The United States' deep investment in destabilizing the democratically elected, post-independence government of Angola is arguably the most profound example of Western influence and its destructive consequences for Africa. In 1975 Angola gained its independence from Portugal, and three nationalist groups subsequently fought for control of the government: the MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola), led by President José Eduardo dos Santos and backed by Cuba and the Soviet Union; UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola), led by Jonas Savimbi and backed by South Africa and the United States; and the FNLA (National Liberation Front of Angola), backed by Zaire's president, Mobutu Sese Seko (he had changed the name Congo to Zaire in 1971.)
South Africa, which had enjoyed a prosperous economy until the 1970s, was weakened by Portugal's withdrawal from Angola and Mozambique and began implementing reforms while heightening political repression. In 1985 Prime Minister P. W. Botha declared a state of emergency. By 1987 South Africa, crippled by internal boycotts, strikes, and the black majority's poverty, as well as by international disinvestment, had become one of the world's weakest economies. In addition, South Africa lost Namibia. In 1990 Botha's successor, F. W. de Klerk, started negotiations to repeal the apartheid laws and released Nelson Mandela, the iconic leader of the anti–apartheid struggle, after twenty–seven years of imprisonment.
In 1990 South Africa, crippled by internal boycotts, strikes, and the black majority's poverty, as well as by international disinvestment, started to repeal the apartheid laws The Group Areas and Population Registration Acts on which the system was built were repealed in June 1991.
REUTERS/Sydney SeshibediThat’s mainly due to a 46 percent jump in annual imports from Africa in the first quarter with agricultural imports rising 18 percent, while Chinese exports recorded a smaller fall of 1 percent from a year earlier, Sun said.
China’s non-financial direct investment to the continent also jumped 64 percent in the quarter, as countries such as Djibouti, Senegal and South Africa all saw a more than 100 percent rise in the quarter.
China’s growing investment in the region is also likely to have been buoyed by its ambitious global trading strategy known as the Belt and Road Initiative, which appeared to be gaining traction recently, particularly in parts of East Africa where major infrastructure and defence projects are being built.
However, despite the bullish figures, some experts on China-African trade said that sharp price rises in products such as copper since late last year could be a major factor contributing to the impressive gains in trade value in the first quarter.