Such an unfavorable problem has been increasing, because in 1969, the legislation of California State changed the divorce laws, where spouses could leave without providing causes (Child Study Center, 2001)....
General terms and specific terms are not opposites, as abstract and concrete terms are;instead, they are the different ends of a range of terms. Generalterms refer to groups; specificterms refer to individualsbut there's room in between. Let's lookat an example.
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How about freedom? The word is familiar enough, but when I say, "I wantfreedom," what am I talking about? divorce? self-employment? summer vacation?paid-off debts? my own car? looser pants? The meaning of freedom won't staystill. Look back at the other examples I gave you, and you'll see the same sorts ofproblems.
Concrete termsrefer to objects or events that are available to the senses. [This is directly opposite toabstract terms, which name things that are notavailable to the senses.] Examples of concrete terms include spoon, table, velvet eyepatch, nose ring, sinus mask, green, hot, walking. Because these terms refer toobjects or events we can see or hear or feel or taste or smell, their meanings are prettystable. If you ask me what I mean by the word spoon, I can pick up a spoon andshow it to you. [I can't pick up a freedom and show it to you, or point to asmall democracy crawling along a window sill. I can measure sand and oxygen byweight and volume, but I can't collect a pound of responsibility or a liter of moraloutrage.]
You can check out this principle in the textbooks you read and the lectures you listento. If you find yourself bored or confused, chances are you're getting generalizations andabstractions. [This is almost inevitablethe purpose of the texts and the teachers is togive you general principles!] You'll find your interest and your understanding increasewhen the author or teacher starts offering specifics. One of the most useful questions youcan ask of an unclear presentation (including your own) is, "Can you give mean example?"
Although, these three cause of the recent rise in divorce rates are expressed above, there are also two effects of the recent increase of divorce rates: negative effects and positive effects
Firstly, the effects of recent enlargement in divorce rates are negative effects.
Examples of abstract terms include love, success, freedom, good, moral, democracy,and any -ism (chauvinism, Communism, feminism, racism, sexism). These terms arefairly common and familiar, and because we recognize them we may imagine that weunderstand thembut we really can't, because the meanings won't stay still.
Children are the first to be affected when parents go separate ways. Their education is mostly affected simply because their minds are confused, bothered, helpless and full of negative thoughts. Statistically, 15% said they had to transfer schools, 44% sa A-levels suffered, 65% say that GCSE exam outcomes were affected. So, this goes to show that their mental ability really gets affected and so is the emotional part of their life. They simply are vulnerable and they have a bigger chance of being tempted to do something which is not right. They would definitely look for a diversion which makes them forget their personal problems.
[Stop right here and reread that definition. Many readers will find it both vague andboring. Even if you find it interesting, it may be hard to pin down the meaning. To makethe meaning of this abstract language clearer, we need some examples.]
Where do these concrete specifics emerge in the writing process? You should gathermany concrete specifics in the prewriting steps of invention and discovery. If youhave many concrete specifics at hand before you organize or draft, you're likelyto think and write more easily and accurately. It's easier to write well when you'recloser to knowing what you're talking about.