- Causes of Obesity of Children Research Papers delve into how to order a research paper on obesity including the physical, social, and psychological aspects.
Obesity is one of the biggest health problems that we face today. Obese people are more likely to develop diabetes, heart problems and strokes. Obesity affects children as well as adults. In this essay, I will explain the causes of obesity and suggest ways to tackle it.
Without effective intervention, phase 4 of the epidemic will entail an acceleration of the obesity rate through transgenerational mechanisms. Obese children tend to be heavy in adulthood, in part because obesity-promoting habits persist. In addition, carrying excessive weight early in life may elicit irreversible biologic changes in hormonal pathways, fat cells, and the brain that increase hunger and adversely affect metabolism. Furthermore, adult obesity and its complications appear to increase the risk of obesity and its complications in offspring through nongenetic influences, a phenomenon termed perinatal programming. For example, a recent study found that maternal hyperglycemia during pregnancy strongly predicted BMI in offspring at 5 to 7 years of age, after adjustment for maternal weight gain and birth weight.
Phase 1 began in the early 1970s and is ongoing: average weight is progressively increasing among children from all socioeconomic levels, racial and ethnic groups, and regions of the country. Today, about one in three children and adolescents is overweight (with a body-mass index, or BMI, in the 85th to 95th percentile for age and sex) or obese (BMI above the 95th percentile), and the proportion approaches one in two in certain minority groups. Though it has attracted much attention from the medical profession and the public, childhood obesity during this phase has actually had little effect on public health, because an obese child may remain relatively healthy for years.
Rise in the standard of living because of a corporate job ensures that the materialistic demands of the children are met. But absence of parents severely affects their emotional upbringing. Loneliness can cause sensitive children to develop obesity. Aggressive youngsters may start consuming alcohol or drugs. Unfortunately, such situations endanger both the body and mind of the teenagers. By the time the parents realize the gravity of the situation, the damage is already done.