This essay will propose to outline the causes and the effects of this anti-smoking attitude in the UK and the USA and explain why similar campaigns would or would not be effective in Qatar....
Some examples of these anti-smoking campaigns are the ban on smoking in public places in the UK since July 2007, under the Health Act 2006, the anti-smoking T.V advertisements and campaigns against allowing smokers the benefit of the NHS treatment, when they suffer from smoking related problems.
Cigarette can cause different diseases that can directly or indirectly lead to death; “tobacco use is responsible for nearly 1 in 5 deaths in the united states” (cigarette smoking).
Schoenmarklin S. Analysis of the authority of Housing Authorities and Section 8 multiunit housing owners to adopt smoke-free policies in their residential units. May 2005. (Accessed May 28, 2010, at .)
Smoke-Free Environments Law Project. The federal Fair Housing Act and the protection of persons who are disabled by secondhand smoke in most private and public housing. September 2002. (Accessed May 28, 2010, at .)
According to HUD, the PHAs may adopt no-smoking policies in public housing at their discretion, as long as state and local laws permit such policies, because federal laws, including the Fair Housing Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, do not provide protection for a right to smoke. No-smoking policies may be applied to both incoming public-housing residents and current residents, as long as the application to current residents is delayed for a reasonable period of time — for example, until the lease is up for renewal.
Despite the documented risks of tobacco-smoke exposure, these initiatives are controversial. Critics argue that neither governments nor landlords should interfere with residents' liberty to smoke and that such restrictions violate privacy rights. However, courts have held that the due-process clause of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution, which limits government interference in personal liberty and privacy, provides only the most minimal level of protection for smoking. Governments need only show a reasonable basis for restricting smoking. Courts evaluating privacy provisions in state constitutions have held similar views. Neither the federal Americans with Disabilities Act nor other disability discrimination laws protect smokers as “disabled” persons.
To our knowledge, no state or local laws or judicial decisions prohibit property owners from restricting smoking in their rental properties. In the absence of such laws, landlords are free to ban smoking in living units and common areas. Generally, this is accomplished with new leases, lease renewals, or written notification to month-to-month tenants.
Smoking has a long history, and since the era of television it rose in fame, and it became popular and effects children (future legal adults) into thinking that it is cool, without the after effects.
The detrimental effects of smoking to your health, the carcinogenic materials in cigarettes and the smoke byproduct, and the surprising negative impact on one’s appearance are compelling reasons to neve...
Remember as a child, watching old films on the television as the character delivers a charming or acerbic line and lights up a cigarette or a Cuban cigar and blows smoke rings wearing the most sharp black dress or suit....
Historically, HUD's notice of July 17, 2009, signals an important change in its position on this issue. The notice stresses the health effects of tobacco-smoke exposure, particularly among children and the elderly, and the risk of fire-related deaths and injuries. HUD has directed PHAs that implement a smoking ban to formalize it by updating the annual plans that they are required to file with HUD, which will enable HUD to track the response to its notice, and has urged PHAs to provide residents with information about smoking-cessation resources and programs. The new policy applies only to publicly owned multiunit housing that is administered by the HUD Office of Public and Indian Housing.
Tobacco-smoke exposure in public housing is particularly troubling because it afflicts disadvantaged and vulnerable populations. In 2008–2009, 32% of households in public housing included elderly persons, 35% included disabled persons, and 41% included children. The mean annual income of households in public housing during this period was $13,289. Adolescents who live in public housing are considered to be at high risk for early experimentation with cigarettes.